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Occasionally I wandered in where I was not wanted and gave truthful answers.
Sometimes I even did it deliberately. A little disruption now can prevent disaster later.

A work in progress. Explaining words and phrases that I often use. Noting new and interesting ideas. Discussing certain verbal warning signs. There’s no social justice or political correctness here.

Offsite links open a new window. Underlined links are internal to the site.
Uppercase links go to the lexicon. Script links go to the timetable.

A dashed border and red banner means I don't agree with the defintion
 or that it is a dangerous idea.

Gg…

Today's secret word is
Gaia hypothesis       Galan Mai       the Gardener       gaslighting       gatekeeping       gay       gender role       generalized argument       GFY       gibbous Moon       Gibbs' rules       gnosis       gnositc       gnostic intelligence       Gnosticism       godmask       Golden Rule       golden rule (inferior)       GPS       graft       Grail Tailismans       Grain Harvest       Great Rite       greatest elongation       Greater Pagan Community®       Greater Sabbat       Greek fisherman's cap       Greenmark       Gresham's law       grey market       greywater            
a b c d e f Gg…   h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
ver

Gaia hypotheses     not the same as Gaia worship

>Gaia hypothesesOverall, the Gaia Theory is a compelling new way of understanding life on our planet. It argues that we are far more than just the “Third Rock from the Sun,” situated precariously between freezing and burning up. The theory asserts that living organisms and their inorganic surroundings have evolved together as a single living system that greatly affects the chemistry and conditions of Earth’s surface. Some scientists believe that this “Gaian system” self-regulates global temperature, atmospheric content, ocean salinity, and other factors in an “automatic” manner. Earth’s living system appears to keep conditions on our planet just right for life to persist! The Gaia Theory has already inspired ideas and practical applications for economic systems, policy, scientific inquiry, and other valuable work. The future holds more of the same.
Gaia Theory Overview from Gaia Theory

The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that all organisms and their inorganic surroundings on Earth are closely integrated to form a single and self-regulating complex system, maintaining the conditions for life on the planet.

The scientific investigation of the Gaia hypothesis focuses on observing how the biosphere and the evolution of life forms contribute to the stability of global temperature, ocean salinity, oxygen in the atmosphere and other factors of habitability in a preferred homeostasis. The Gaia hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the 1970s. Initially received with hostility by the scientific community, it is now studied in the disciplines of geophysiology and Earth system science, and some of its principles have been adopted in fields like biogeochemistry and systems ecology. This ecological hypothesis has also inspired analogies and various interpretations in social sciences, politics, and religion under a vague philosophy and movement.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gaia

Galan Mai     See Beltaine

the Gardener

My maternal grandfather started as a dirt farmer in Louisiana before he moved the family to Arizona. After he retired, he became the Gardener. He kept about three-quarters of an acre. He shared most of the harvest. Granpa made sure that the best stuff always went to those folks who needed a little help. He would visit, talk, and leave fresh vegetables. Johnny Cash sang about carrying troubles away, my grandfather would do it.

I have most of his pipes, I don't smoke them but I keep them.

Much to my surprise (and certainly to his if he was still This Side), his attitude towards gardening shaped much of my pagan practice.

Not bad for a Baptist deacon.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gardener

gaslighting      “Your reality is not up for debate.”caution

Gaslighting is a form of psychological abuse used by narcissists in order to instill in their victim’s an extreme sense of anxiety and confusion to the point where they no longer trust their own memory, perception or judgment. The techniques used in “Gaslighting” by the narcissist are similar to those used in brainwashing, interrogation, and torture that have been used in psychological warfare by intelligence operative, law enforcement and other forces for decades.

The intention is to, in a systematic way, target the victim’s mental equilibrium, self confidence, and self esteem so that they are no longer able to function in an independent way. Gaslighting involves the abuser to frequently and systematically withhold factual information from the victim, and replacing it with false information. Because of it’s subtly, this cunning Machiavellian behaviour is a deeply insidious set of manipulations that is difficult for anybody to work out, and with time it finally undermines the mental stability of the victim.

  1. Lie and Exaggerate. The gaslighter creates a negative narrative about the gaslightee (“There’s something wrong and inadequate about you”), based on generalized false presumptions and accusations, rather than objective, independently verifiable facts, thereby putting the gaslightee on the defensive.
  2. Repetition. Like psychological warfare, the falsehoods are repeated constantly in order to stay on the offensive, control the conversation, and dominate the relationship.
  3. Escalate When Challenged. When called on their lies, the gaslighter escalates the dispute by doubling and tripling down on their attacks, refuting substantive evidence with denial, blame, and more false claims (misdirection), sowing doubt and confusion.
  4. Wear Out the Victim. By staying on the offensive, the gaslighter eventually wears down their victim, who becomes discouraged, resigned, pessimistic, fearful, debilitated, and self-doubting. The victim begins to question her or his own perception, identity, and reality.
  5. Form Codependent Relationships. The Oxford Dictionary defines codependency as "excessive emotional or psychological reliance on a partner.” In a gaslighting relationship, the gaslighter elicits constant insecurity and anxiety in the gaslightee, thereby pulling the gaslightee by the strings. The gaslighter has the power to grant acceptance, approval, respect, safety, and security. The gaslighter also has the power (and often threatens to) take them away. A codependent relationship is formed based on fear, vulnerability, and marginalization.
  6. Give False Hope. As a manipulative tactic, the gaslighter will occasionally treat the victim with mildness, moderation, and even superficial kindness or remorse, to give the gaslightee false hope. In these circumstances, the victim might think: “Maybe he’s really not THAT bad,” “Maybe things are going to get better,” or “Let’s give it a chance.”
  7. Dominate and Control. At its extreme, the ultimate objective of a pathological gaslighter is to control, dominate, and take advantage of another individual, or a group, or even an entire society. By maintaining and intensifying an incessant stream of lies and coercions, the gaslighter keeps the gaslightees in a constant state of insecurity, doubt, and fear. The gaslighter can then exploit their victims at will, for the augmentation of their power and personal gain.
  8. adapted from 7 Stages of Gaslighting in a Relationship
    at Psychology Today

When you engage in any way, you tell your gaslighter and yourself that your reality is up for debate. Your reality is not up for debate. If you are like me, you have had a million conversations in your head, and it’s those conversations that are killing you. Your reality is not up for debate. You do not have to rehearse for a conversation that you will never have.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gaslighting

  gatekeeping    caution

When someone takes it upon themselves to decide who does or does not have access or rights to a community or identity.

Gatekeeping involves impeding individuals from participating in a discussion (e.g., excluding trans women from feminist conversations), from entering a space they are otherwise entitled to (e.g., barring trans women from women's spaces), or from claiming and expressing their own identity (e.g., gender policing). Gatekeepers are often authority figures, community leaders, who intend on improving their community, from their perspective, and making it more respectable according to mainstream norms. Although gatekeepers they can originate from outside a community as well (e.g., doctors refusing medical care to trans people).

Gatekeeping often leads to the fracturing of movements; the creation of extremely vulnerable minorities within minorities. As a reaction to gatekeeping, powerful and inspirational schools of thought and activist movements have arisen, e.g., womanism, transfeminism, etc. These ideologies and communities seek to empower the most disenfranchised and strengthen intersectoral links between and within communities of oppressed people, e.g., queer and trans people of colour (PoC), who rightfully demand their place in both the LGBT and the PoC communities, as well as society in general.
  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gatekeeping

gay      See sexuality - orientation

gender role      See sexuality - gender role

generalized argument

I use this against verbose statist nonsense. It’s the quickest way to disarm them.
  • Does that person threaten you or yours?
  • Does that person take or damage your property?
  • Then why are you trying to CONTROL them?

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#generalized-argument

GFY      Go Fuck Yourself

An appropriate response to someone invoking the Decalogue, complaining about triggering, social justice "concerns," or anyone who tries to impose their chosen morality on your words and actions.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gfy

gibbous Moon

What does it mean when you hear the term “gibbous moon”? It’s when the Moon is more than half full, but not quite fully illuminated, when you look at it from the perspective of Earth. The reason the light changes has to do with how the Moon orbits the Earth.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gibbous

Gibbs' rules (selected)

Gibbs rules are used by characters in the television show NCIS. Many apply to crime investigation, but some are good general life rules. Some numbers are used more than once.
  • Rule 1? - “Never screw over your partner.”
  • Rule 1? - “Never let suspects stay together.”
  • Rule 2 - “Always wear gloves at a crime scene.”
  • Rule 3? - “Don't believe what you're told. Double check.”
  • Rule 3? - “Never be unreachable.”
  • Rule 4 - “The best way to keep a secret? Keep it to yourself. Second best? Tell one other person - if you must. There is no third best.”
  • Rule 5 - “You don't waste good.”
  • Rule 6 - “Never say you're sorry. It's a sign of weakness.”
  • Rule 7 - “Always be specific when you lie.”
     I don't use this one, but others find it useful.
  • Rule 8 - “Never take anything for granted.”
  • Rule 9 - “Never go anywhere without a knife.”
  • Rule 11 - “When the job is done, walk away.”
  • Rule 12 - “Never date a co-worker.”
  • Rule 13 - “Never, ever involve lawyers.”
  • Rule 14 - “Bend the line, don't break it.”
  • Rule 15 - “Always work as a team.”
  • Rule 16 - “If someone thinks they have the upper hand, break it.”
  • Rule 18 - “It's better to seek forgiveness than ask permission.”
  • Rule 20 - “Always look under.”
  • Rule 22 - “Never ever bother Gibbs in interrogation.”
  • Rule 23 - “Never mess with a Marine's coffee... if you want to live.”
  • Rule 27 - “There are two ways to follow someone. First way, they never notice you. Second way, they only notice you.”
  • Rule 28 - “When you need help, ask.”
  • Rule 35 - “Always watch the watchers.”
  • Rule 36 - “If you feel like you are being played, you probably are.”
  • Rule 38 - “Your case, your lead.”
  • Rule 39 - “There is no such thing as coincidence.”
  • Rule 40 - “If it seems like someone is out to get you, they are.”
  • Rule 42 - “Never accept an apology from someone who just sucker punched you.”
  • Rule 44 - “First things first, hide the women and children."”
  • Rule 45 - “Clean up the mess that you make.”
  • Rule 51 - “Sometimes you're wrong.”
  • Rule 62 - “Always give people space when they get off an elevator.”
  • Rule 69 - “Never trust a woman who doesn't trust her man.”
  • Rule 73 - “Never meet your heroes.”
  • Rule 99 - “Never tell Gibbs he's been audited.”
  • ? - “In my country, on my team, working my cases, my people don't bypass the chain of command”
  • ? - “Never second guess yourself in a relationship and life.”
  • ? - “Don't work the system when you can work the people.”
  • ? - “Don't stop checking and rechecking evidence until you are satisfied.”
  • ? - “If you want to find something, you follow it.”
  • Frank's Rule - “You do what you have to do for family”
  • Abby Rule #1 - “Do not lie to Abby.”
  • Abby Rule #9 - “Always keep a spare.”
  • DiNozzo Rule #1 - “Don't sit on the sidelines while your people are in trouble.”
  • DiNozzo Rule #3 - “Never underestimate your opponent.”
  • McGee Rule #1 - “Never lie to Gibbs.”
  • McGee Rule #70 - “Keep digging till you hit bottom.”
  • Borin Rule #1 - “Never make excuses.”

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gibbs

gnosis

Gnosis is the common Greek noun for knowledge (γνῶσις, gnōsis, f.). The term is used in various Hellenistic religions and philosophies. It is best known from Gnosticism, where it signifies a knowledge or insight into humanity’s real nature as divine, leading to the deliverance of the divine spark within humanity from the constraints of earthly existence.

Gnosis is the oldest religious experience known to mankind. The original Gnostics were the world's moe-quotefirst priests, and the practice of Gnosticism is simply the earth's most ancient religion that precedes all other faiths. Every country and culture had their own secret Gnostic sects and mystery schools, and still do to this very day.

The word Gnosis is a Greek word for knowledge which usually refers to any type of direct communion with the divine. Philo refers to this as secret "knowledge" (gnosis) and "wisdom" (sophia) of God. It is not only knowledge of the divine, but also of thyself, the world, nature and the Great Work (Great Arcanum or magnum opus). The Hebrews describe Gnosis with the Da'at. A Hebrew word for knowledge, that in the Kabbalah describes a mystical state one has as they ascend up the tree of life to then reach the self-giving Divine Light. The ancient Egyptians had described the Gnostic experience in many texts of their proverbs such as; "The body is the house of God," and "Man, know thyself ... and thou shalt know the gods."

Gnosis comes from within each one of us through the secret knowledge of all things hidden. But this knowledge is not something that you will just find outside of yourself. Gnosis in its purest form is the intuitive spiritual knowledge that comes with knowing thyself and thyspirit. Plato describes this process when he says "all learning is remembering." He calls this a recollection and restoration of the views a person once had, and original knowledge that was once lost. Today science describes part of this Gnostic experience that Plato had described as intuition.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gnosis

gnostic

Knowledge from experience.
  1. pertaining to knowledge.
  2. possessing knowledge, especially esoteric knowledge of spiritual matters.
  3. (initial capital letter) pertaining to or characteristic of the Gnostics.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gnostic

gnostic intelligence

Perception and knowledge of Deity.

My small addition to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gnostic-intelligence

Gnosticism

Gnosticism (from Ancient Greek: γνωστικός gnostikos, "having knowledge", from γνῶσις gnōsis, knowledge) is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieux in the first and second century AD. These systems believed that the material world is created by an emanation or 'works' of a lower god (demiurge), trapping the divine spark within the human body. This divine spark could be liberated by gnosis, spiritual knowledge acquired through direct experience.
In my late high school and college years, I called myself Methodist but actively pursued Gnosticism.

In Gnosticism, the material realm is a self-serving illusion that prevents true gnosis. Yes, there are strong parallels to Maya.

In Gnosticism, the Divine is unknowable and unreachable probably because it is All That Is including ourselves. Our identity is our separation from All That Is. Yes, there are strong parallels to nirvana in Buddhism, in my case by way of Doctor Strange comic books. But this is only an approximation of the ideas involved, I'm not sure I have the language to express and share.

In Gnosticism, an Aeon is an emmination of the Divine for a Purpose, removed for the moment but still sharing the Divine nature. Think in terms of an avatar and you wouldn't be far off. It is Manifestation within the material realm. “We are the Universe trying to understand itself.”

In Gnosticism, the "Creator" of the universe is a lesser spirit called the Demiurge bound by it's own Manifestation and unaware of the Divine. Embracing the Manifestation means limiting the possibilities. It's the same ignorance that limits us, not our "sinful nature."

Writing this, I'm struck by how much those early studies shaped me then and let me understand now. Gnosticism lets Christianity make sense, but not on it's own terms.

More than anything else, this taught me that religions are not created by the Divine. Religions are created by people claiming to speak for the Divine but caught in the limits of their own Manifestation.

Gnosticism is an ancient splinter of the Christian tradition before orthodoxy was defined. However, it shares a lot in common with modern Neo-Pagan traditions, including a conception of the Divine Feminine as a natural complement to the Divine Masculinity of God/Jesus, a pantheon of quasi-gods known as aeons, and a very syncreticist worldview. Some were strict ascetics who would put the most orthodox to shame, others were libertine antinomians. Naturally, Christianity at large considers this as heretical.
Useful Notes / Neo-Paganism from TVTropes

Mansel (in his work on The Gnostic Heresies, 32) sums up the principal sources of Gnosticism in these three, Platonism, the Persian religion, and the Buddhism of India. To Platonism it owed much of its philosophical form and tendencies. From the Dualism of the Per religion it derived its speculations regarding the origin of evil, and much of what it taught about emanations. To Buddhism, he thinks, it owed the doctrine of the antagonism between matter and spirit, and the unreality of derived existence--the germ of Docetism. Mansel also holds that there is the possibility that Gnosticism derived certain of its features from the Kabbala (qabbalah), or secret teaching of the Jews in the two books, the Cepher yetsirah, or Book of Creation, and the Zohar, or Book of Light. An influence of Buddhism on Gnosticism, however, may safely be doubted, as there is no reason to believe that the knowledge of Buddhist doctrine had so early penetrated into the West. The Jewish works named by Mansel are really products of the Middle Ages (Westcott, Introduction to the Study of the Gospels, 144-45). The other sources named were really influential.
Gnosticism from Bible Study Tools

The New Bible Dictionary gives this outline of Gnostic beliefs: "The supreme God dwelt in unapproachable splendour in this spiritual world, and had no dealings with the world of matter. Matter was the creation of an inferior being, the Demiurge. He, along with his aides the archōns, kept mankind imprisoned within their material existence, and barred the path of individual souls trying to ascend to the spirit world after death. Not even this possibility was open to everyone, however. For only those who possessed a divine spark (pneuma) could hope to escape from their corporeal existence. And even those possessing such a spark did not have an automatic escape, for they needed to receive the enlightenment of gnōsis before they could become aware of their own spiritual condition... In most of the Gnostic systems reported by the church Fathers, this enlightenment is the work of a divine redeemer, who descends from the spiritual world in disguise and is often equated with the Christian Jesus.

Salvation for the Gnostic, therefore, is to be alerted to the existence of his divine pneuma and then, as a result of this knowledge, to escape on death from the material world to the spiritual."

Gnostic writings are extensive. Many so-called Gnostic Gospels are presented as "lost" books of the Bible, but in fact did not meet the criteria when the canon was formed. In many instances, they contradict the Bible.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gnosticism

godmask

Think of a godmask as the user interface between Divinity and human that keeps us from damaging ourselves too much when we interact directly with Diety.

I believe that all things have a Divine nature. Life is the universes attempt to understand itself. I know that the totality of the universe is too vast for me to comprehend. So there are godmasks that I turn to for understanding, guidance, and strength when mine is not enough. I know that these godmasks are only representations and gateways to Divinity, not Divinity themselves.

See also egregore

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#godmask

Golden Rule

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
The Ethic of Reciprocity is the keystone of Western Civilization. It is arguably the single most important and universal basis for human advancement and is the core for all true liberty.

Although often associated with Christianity, it exists in many cultures and faiths.

My favorite fun version comes from Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure - “Be excellent to each other. And party on, dudes!”

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#golden-rule

golden rule (inferior)    caution

He who has the gold makes the rules.

See also Golden Rule

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#inferior

GPS     Global Positioning System

GPS is a satellite navigation system used to determine the ground position of an object. GPS technology was first used by the United States military in the 1960s and expanded into civilian use over the next few decades. Today, GPS receivers are included in many commercial products, such as automobiles, smartphones, exercise watches, and GIS devices.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gps

graft

  1. Horticulture .
    1. a bud, shoot, or scion of a plant inserted in a groove, slit, or the like in a stem or stock of another plant in which it continues to grow.
    2. the plant resulting from such an operation; the united stock and scion.
    3. the place where the scion is inserted.
  2. Surgery . a portion of living tissue surgically transplanted from one part of an individual to another, or from one individual to another, for its adhesion and growth.
  3. an act of grafting.

Graft and corruption are charges that are typically leveled at highly-placed government officials, who are able to use public funds to improve their own fortunes. When an official uses the access, influence, knowledge or power that comes with an elevated position and engage in graft, they abuse public trust and may be charged with a crime.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#graft

Grail Talismans

In the later Grail romances, the Four Talismans appear again, in another guise of myth. They become the blood-dripping Lance, the Grail Cup itself, and the Sword and Shield bestowed upon the knight who set out in quest of it.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#grail-talismans

Grain Harvest      See Lammas

Great Rite

beltaneIn some (although certainly not all) traditions of Wicca and Paganism, sacred sex is part of spiritual practice. Wicca in its original form, as envisioned by Gerald Gardner, is first and foremost a fertility religion, so it's understandable that at some point you may encounter some references to sexual acts, whether they be actual or implied. By implied, we mean the symbolic – the joining of an athame with a chalice, for example. The most commonly referenced form of ritual sex is the Great Rite, which is the ritualized sexual connection of the god and goddess. Author Vivianne Crowley says in Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Age, "The outer rite involves a linking of the male and the female; the sacred marriage is outwardly a marriage of two people, but inwardly it is a marriage of the two within one person." The Great Rite is more than just sexual union; it is the enactment of the creation of the universe itself in Wiccan tradition.
Some pagan rites combine sex with ritual. The best known is the Great Rite, usually performed by a Priest and Priestess in a committed relationship (that higher sex thing again). However, there are symbolic versions. The Great Rite doesn't have to include sex anymore than the Christian communion has to include actual cannibalism.

At the very least, it's rude and insulting to use someone for a sex ritual and not ask them. Consent means they should know before they choose.

 I know of no ethical pagan practice that involves non-consensual sex. 

There is speculation that some of the descriptions from the witch trials may well be a version of a sexual rite with an artificial phallus. Valiente discusses this possibility. That would account for the "coldness," particularly if it was carved from stone and chilled with water. And as salty Doreen points out, it just wouldn't do for the "Devil" to go soft before his work was done.

If it's a group that requires sex with the (usually) Priest or Priestess, it's a safe bet that someone is collecting pelts and you can find something safer AND BETTER elsewhere.

If you are uncomfortable with sex and ritual combined, then don't do it.

You are your own person, no one owns you except you. Sex is something you share with someone you care for and trust. You shouldn't share with people you don't trust or don't like.

Sex and magick can be mind-blowing, but do yourself a favor and keep the sex safe. You'll be glad you did.
The gender of the persons involved does not matter as much as some seem to think. For the celebration of the Sacred Marriage, it is inappropriate for the deities to be of the same gender, in whatever facet, but the gender of the persons doing it isn't at issue. A man can manifest the Goddess and a woman can manifest the God. It isn't easy to manifest deity cross-gender, but it can be done with a bit of practice.

Expressing love through sexuality is wonderful, but, unless the Gods are specifically invoked into the bodies of the participants, it is not a Great Rite. The ritual is not an excuse to have sex with someone, nor is any sexual activity in a properly consecrated circle a Great Rite. The Great Rite is a powerful and specific magical act that is difficult to perform and should not be performed lightly or, if you will excuse the expression, wantonly.
Sex, Wicca and the Great Rite from Wild Ideas

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#great-rite

greatest elongation

elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#greatest-elongation

Much of the justification for "establishing" a Greater Pagan Community® is so that certain individuals can get the adoration and deference they believe they deserve.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#greater-pagan-community

Greater Sabbat

The four Greater Sabbats are Candlemas (2nd February), May Eve (30th April) Lammas (1st August), and Halloween (31st October). These occasions correspond to the four great yearly feasts celebrated by the Druids and by our Celtic ancestors. The Druidic names for them were Imbolc or Oimelc (Candlemas), Beltane (May Eve), Lughnassadh (Lammas) and Samhain (Halloween). May Eve was also known as Walpurgis Night.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#greater-sabbat

Gresham's law      “Bad money drives out good.”

When two coins are equal in debt-paying value but unequal in intrinsic value, the one having the lesser intrinsic value tends to remain in circulation and the other to be hoarded or exported.

Gresham's law today generally applies to a situation where two monetary units given the same face value will result in the overvalued one (bad money) being used and the undervalued one (good money) disappearing from circulation.

Coins were first made of gold, silver and other precious metals, which gave them their value. Over time, the number of precious metals used to make the coin decreased because the metals were worth more on their own than when minted into the coin itself. However, despite this, new coins were given the same face value as the existing coins for people to conduct their transactions. Because the value of the metal in the old coins was higher than the coin's face value, people would melt the coins down and sell the metal, or they would simply hoard them as a store of value. The new coins, with less precious metal content, would be considered "overvalued" and thus spent in transactions, while the old coins would become "undervalued" - hence, the hoarding effect, driving out the "good money" from circulation.
Gresham's Law from Investopedia

The fact that all modern money is almost completely worthless actually proves Gresham’s Law. Bad money has chased out good money. Coin collectors hunt down and hoard the good money for themselves and we buy and sell using paper and coins with randomly assigned values primarily for the sake of convenience.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#gresham

Greek fisherman's cap

greek fisherman capThe Greek fisherman's cap is one of the most popular hats in the Western world. This all wool or cotton cap, fully lined, is a favorite with professional seamen. Rugged and practical enough to handle all kinds of weather, the "Greek" is also a hopeless romantic.

A Greek fisherman's cap is a soft, flat-topped cap with a small visor, usually made from wool felt. It is distinguished from similar caps, such as the Breton cap and Maciejówka, by its embroidered visor and braided cord. It is often associated with seamanship and marine settings. It has become popular amongst the public in general, rather than staying isolated as an occupational hat. One example of it being put in prominence of popular culture was when it was worn by John Lennon.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#greek-fisherman-cap

Greenmark      vernal equinox

WebTree solar festival & quarter day marking the vernal equinox and the middle of spring. A time of transitions, endings, and new beginnings. Greenmark lasts from sunrise on the day before the equinox to sunrise the day after (traditional three days).

The Daylord wins the ritual battle over his weird, the Nightlord.

  page index  
http://www.neowayland.com/lexicon/gg/#greenmark

grey market

Grey market goods are products sold by a manufacturer or their authorized agent outside the terms of the agreement between the reseller/distributor and the manufacturer. These are legal non-counterfeit goods manufactured abroad and imported into the U.S. without the consent of the trademark holder, and sold through unauthorized dealers. Though manufacturers labeled these resold products as the "grey market" to associate them with illegal “black market” products, the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld the idea that grey market products are legal for resale in the U.S., regardless of where they were produced or originally sold. The one exception is where the trademark owner has a contractual agreement with the manufacturer not to import the goods into the U.S.

They may be original equipment manufacturer (OEM) goods sold more cheaply elsewhere, or cheaper — though not necessarily lower quality — aftermarket goods. And they may lack a U.S. manufacturer’s warranty because the goods were originally intended for sale outside the U.S., or the specifications may fail to comply with U.S. regulatory requirements.

The gray market, while not illegal like the black market, involves the sale of goods through means other than what was intended or approved by the original maker of a product. A private person or business purchases the good at retail, wholesale, or a discounted price, and attempts to resell it legally at a higher price. The list of things that can be sold this way is endless, but popular items include electronics, photographic equipment, cigarettes, DVDs, and wine. The term can also be used to refer to the securities market, where it defines the buying and selling of securities that will be issued at some point in the future.

It is extremely difficult to track the gray market because, once a good is sold to an unauthorized dealer, the manufacturer has no way of tracking the sale of it. This market exists just about everywhere. In the suburbs, one prime example is the snack stand at a high school football game. In an effort to raise money, the student council may purchase soda, hot dogs, and chips at a wholesale warehouse store, then sell them for a profit at the game. Another good example is when someone buys goods at a garage sale or outlet store and resells them on an online auction site at a higher price.

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greywater

Greywater is gently used water from your bathroom sinks, showers, tubs, and washing machines. It is not water that has come into contact with feces, either from the toilet or from washing diapers.

Greywater may contain traces of dirt, food, grease, hair, and certain household cleaning products. While greywater may look “dirty,” it is a safe and even beneficial source of irrigation water in a yard. Keep in mind that if greywater is released into rivers, lakes, or estuaries, its nutrients become pollutants, but to plants, they are valuable fertilizer. Aside from the obvious benefits of saving water (and money on your water bill), reusing your greywater keeps it out of the sewer or septic system, thereby reducing the chance that it will pollute local water bodies. Reusing greywater for irrigation reconnects urban residents and our backyard gardens to the natural water cycle
About Greywater Reuse from Greywater Action

The most common method for using greywater is for irrigation purposes. Recycling household greywater for gardening use is an excellent way of saving water and saving money! Unlike rainwater, which is only seasonally available, greywater is available every time you shower or wash your clothes. Greywater is suitable for irrigating most garden areas including ornamental beds and lawns. Even native gardens can thrive with greywater, simply alter the type of detergent that you use to one that is low or has no phosphorus.
Greywater: What is it? from water wise GROUP

See also blackwater, clear water, dark water, water,

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